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Black parent's perceptions of their educational responsibility in a changing educational dispensation

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dc.contributor.advisor Urbani, G.
dc.contributor.advisor Vos, M.S. Hlatshwayo, Boy Cyril. 2013-02-07T10:15:26Z 2013-02-07T10:15:26Z 1996
dc.description Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Education in the Department of Educational Psychology and Special Education Faculty of Education University of Zululand, South Africa, 1996. en_US
dc.description.abstract The aim of this investigation was to establish black parents' perceptions regarding their educational responsibility in a changing educational dispensation. From the literature study it became clear that rapid change represents one of the most dynamic features of modern society and the traditional black family is not left untouched by this. The influence of permissiveness, materialism and the mass-media forces parents to educate their children under circumstances quite different to those under which they themselves were reared. Industrialization, urbanization, politicization and the norm crisis are the most dominant characteristics of modern society which gave rise to numerous problems regarding the adequate functioning of the family. In the historical overview of black education in South Africa it was revealed that during the nineteenth century the education of black children in South Africa was funded and controlled by different churches. Between 1904 and 1953 the administration of Black Education was jointly performed by the churches and provinces and during these years the policy of segregation and inequalities in education are well-known and well-documented. After the National Party's accession in 1948 and the passing of the Bantu Education Act in 1953, separation in black education became formalised through legislation and was vigorously implemented. Since the early 1950s apartheid education was vociferously opposed by black students and teachers. The sporadic protests and boycotts of the 1950s and 1960s culminated in the student riots of 1976 which signalled an end to apartheid education. Changes in society had remarkable and adverse effects on the educational responsibility of black parents. The traditional practice, where children learned from their parents and eiders, changed to a Western system where professionals teach children with the aid of textbooks. Parents should, however, have no uncertainties as to their educational responsibility as parents. As the child's primary educators, parents are responsible for the child's adequate education at home, which serves as a basis for school education. They should be fully aware of their role, purpose and task, as well as the possibilities and limitations of their activities as regard the education of their children. The purpose of the child's education is not only adequate support and guidance towards adulthood, but also optima! realization of the child's unique potential. Responsible education can only be adequately realised if the educational relationship between parent and child is based on trust, understanding and authority. For the purpose of the empirical investigation a self-structured questionnaire was utilised. An analysis was done of 150 questionnaires completed by the parents of standard 8 pupils in Umlazi schools. The data thus obtained was processed and interpreted by means of descriptive and inferential statistics. The hypothesis, namely that the relationship of trust, understanding and authority between parent and child has no relation with the gender or age of the parents or the number of school-going children in the family, has to be accepted. In conclusion, a summary and certain finding emanating from the literature study and the empirical investigation were presented. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made: Cultural leaders must re-establish and meaningfully foster the efficient functioning of the nuclear family. Parent guidance and parent involvement programmes must be established at schools. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Zululand en_US
dc.subject Education--Parent participation. en_US
dc.title Black parent's perceptions of their educational responsibility in a changing educational dispensation en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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